The only thing worse when you're feeling sick is having to still manage your diabetes.
It’s very important because being sick can raise your blood sugar levels.
So be prepared. Create a plan with your healthcare team for when you’re sick, so you’re ready before you start to feel unwell. It’s also a good idea to share this with family and friends, so they can help keep your diabetes on track when you start feeling ill.
Here are some things you can do to help manage your blood sugar when you're under the weather:
Take Your Medicine
If you take medications or insulin for diabetes, continue to take them as prescribed unless your healthcare provider tells you otherwise.
Stay Hydrated and Eat Regularly
If you can eat, try and follow your regular meal plan, and stay hydrated. Drink a no-calorie beverage like decaffeinated tea or water every hour while you’re awake, or some broth or bouillon.
If you’re not able to eat regularly follow these guidelines:
If your blood sugar is less than 130 mg/dL
Drink 1 cup of a calorie-free beverage every hour you're awake, plus one of the following:
- ½ cup of orange or apple juice
- 1 cup of milk
- ½ cup cooked cereal
- ½ cup of jello
- 1 popsicle
- 1 cup of yogurt
- 1 cup of cream soup made with milk
If blood sugar is more than 130 mg/dL
Drink 1 cup of a calorie-free beverage every hour, plus one of the following:
- Broth-based soup
- Sugar-free Jello
- Sugar-free popsicles
Monitor Your Blood Sugar More Often
- Check your blood sugar every 2 hours
Check Urine Ketones
- If you have type 1 diabetes, check your urine ketones if your blood sugar is over 240 mg/dL. Otherwise, check them every 4 hours.
Check Your Temperature
- Check and record your temperature every 4 to 6 hours.
Be Sure to Notify Your Doctor
- If you have diarrhea or vomiting for more than 3 hours
- If you have moderate or large ketones in your urine
- If your blood sugar is over 300 mg/dL more than once
- If you have low blood sugar less than 80 mg/dL two or more times
- If you have questions about your medications